Bible Study: Sinai

[This post is one of the sections from our recently published Bible study guide available for free download]

When the Israelites come to Mount Sinai God reveals his majesty and pronounces to them his commandments. God has miraculously saved the Israelites from slavery and destruction for the purpose of making them a holy nation and a peculiar treasure to himself. As Christians we must remember that the special people of God under the New Covenant are the Church. God has redeemed us so that we might be a holy people separated from the evil ways of the fallen world.

“And Moses went up unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel; Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles’ wings, and brought you unto myself. Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine: And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel. And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the LORD commanded him. And all the people answered together, and said, All that the LORD hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the LORD. And the LORD said unto Moses, Lo, I come unto thee in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with thee, and believe thee for ever. And Moses told the words of the people unto the LORD.” (Exodus 19:3-9)

Israel did nothing to merit her status as God’s chosen people. God’s faithfulness to his people was based on his grace, not on the virtue or righteousness of the Israelites. If God’s faithfulness to his people were based on our own righteousness, we all would have been cast aside long ago. We all follow in the footsteps of the rebellious Israelites whenever we put our own selfish will ahead of serving God.

The purpose of God’s miraculous appearance at Sinai is to bring the Israelites to accept the commandments given through Moses. The awesome display at Sinai and the directions that Moses gives about how to approach the mountain show the fearfulness of approaching God and the absolute transcendence of his holiness. Because of Christ’s passion and resurrection we are able to approach God as children approach a loving father, but we must not forget the aspect of God that was manifested at Sinai:

“And the LORD said unto Moses, Go unto the people, and sanctify them to day and tomorrow, and let them wash their clothes, And be ready against the third day: for the third day the LORD will come down in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai. And thou shalt set bounds unto the people round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves, that ye go not up into the mount, or touch the border of it: whosoever toucheth the mount shall be surely put to death: There shall not an hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned, or shot through; whether it be beast or man, it shall not live: when the trumpet soundeth long, they shall come up to the mount.

And Moses went down from the mount unto the people, and sanctified the people; and they washed their clothes. And he said unto the people, Be ready against the third day: come not at your wives. And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp trembled.

And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood at the nether part of the mount. And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly. And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice. And the LORD came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and the LORD called Moses up to the top of the mount; and Moses went up.

And the LORD said unto Moses, Go down, charge the people, lest they break through unto the LORD to gaze, and many of them perish. And let the priests also, which come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the Lord break forth upon them. And Moses said unto the LORD, The people cannot come up to mount Sinai: for thou chargedst us, saying, Set bounds about the mount, and sanctify it. And the Lord said unto him, Away, get thee down, and thou shalt come up, thou, and Aaron with thee: but let not the priests and the people break through to come up unto the LORD, lest he break forth upon them. So Moses went down unto the people, and spake unto them.” (Exodus 19:10-25)

God’s majesty is an awesome and terrifying thing. The people did not dare to approach the mountain, showing that the holiness of the LORD is inviolable. They washed their garments, showing that God is pure and without any blemish. They abstained from marital relations, showing that God transcends all earthly passions. The full manifestation of God is so terrifying to fallen man that the very sight of it would cause his death. This passage shows us that we are not to approach God lightly. Communion with God is not a casual or ordinary thing. Although we are no longer bound by the ceremonial laws of the Old Covenant, the spirit of these laws must be at work in our hearts if we are to bear the title of Christian.

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